限制WordPress用户上传文件类型

最近两天发现后台媒体库多了一些莫名其妙的文件,查看后发现是用户上传的,因为QUX主题是支持用户投稿的所以可以上传媒体库文件,于是搜索了一下限制用户角色上传文件类型的代码,给大家分享一下。

让用户拥有上传文件的权限

默认情况下,有些用户是不允许上传文件的,你可以在主题的 functions.php 添加下面的代码:

//允许用户投稿时上传文件
if ( current_user_can('contributor') && !current_user_can('upload_files') )
   add_action('admin_init', 'allow_contributor_uploads');
 
function allow_contributor_uploads() {
      $contributor = get_role('contributor');
      $contributor->add_cap('upload_files');
}

限制用户上传文件的类型

再次之前首先了解一下WordPress默认上传文件类型,开WordPress的 /wp-includes/functions.php 文件,然后搜索 function wp_get_mime_types 定位到那里,你就会看到详细的文件类型:

function wp_get_mime_types() {
	// Accepted MIME types are set here as PCRE unless provided.
	return apply_filters( 'mime_types', array(
	// Image formats
	'jpg|jpeg|jpe' => 'image/jpeg',
	'gif' => 'image/gif',
	'png' => 'image/png',
	'bmp' => 'image/bmp',
	'tif|tiff' => 'image/tiff',
	'ico' => 'image/x-icon',
	// Video formats
	'asf|asx|wax|wmv|wmx' => 'video/asf',
	'avi' => 'video/avi',
	'divx' => 'video/divx',
	'flv' => 'video/x-flv',
	'mov|qt' => 'video/quicktime',
	'mpeg|mpg|mpe' => 'video/mpeg',
	'mp4|m4v' => 'video/mp4',
	'ogv' => 'video/ogg',
	'mkv' => 'video/x-matroska',
	// Text formats
	'txt|asc|c|cc|h' => 'text/plain',
	'csv' => 'text/csv',
	'tsv' => 'text/tab-separated-values',
	'ics' => 'text/calendar',
	'rtx' => 'text/richtext',
	'css' => 'text/css',
	'htm|html' => 'text/html',
	// Audio formats
	'mp3|m4a|m4b' => 'audio/mpeg',
	'ra|ram' => 'audio/x-realaudio',
	'wav' => 'audio/wav',
	'ogg|oga' => 'audio/ogg',
	'mid|midi' => 'audio/midi',
	'wma' => 'audio/wma',
	'mka' => 'audio/x-matroska',
	// Misc application formats
	'rtf' => 'application/rtf',
	'js' => 'application/javascript',
	'pdf' => 'application/pdf',
	'swf' => 'application/x-shockwave-flash',
	'class' => 'application/java',
	'tar' => 'application/x-tar',
	'zip' => 'application/zip',
	'gz|gzip' => 'application/x-gzip',
	'rar' => 'application/rar',
	'7z' => 'application/x-7z-compressed',
	'exe' => 'application/x-msdownload',
	// MS Office formats
	'doc' => 'application/msword',
	'pot|pps|ppt' => 'application/vnd.ms-powerpoint',
	'wri' => 'application/vnd.ms-write',
	'xla|xls|xlt|xlw' => 'application/vnd.ms-excel',
	'mdb' => 'application/vnd.ms-access',
	'mpp' => 'application/vnd.ms-project',
	'docx' => 'application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.wordprocessingml.document',
	'docm' => 'application/vnd.ms-word.document.macroEnabled.12',
	'dotx' => 'application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.wordprocessingml.template',
	'dotm' => 'application/vnd.ms-word.template.macroEnabled.12',
	'xlsx' => 'application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet',
	'xlsm' => 'application/vnd.ms-excel.sheet.macroEnabled.12',
	'xlsb' => 'application/vnd.ms-excel.sheet.binary.macroEnabled.12',
	'xltx' => 'application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.template',
	'xltm' => 'application/vnd.ms-excel.template.macroEnabled.12',
	'xlam' => 'application/vnd.ms-excel.addin.macroEnabled.12',
	'pptx' => 'application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.presentationml.presentation',
	'pptm' => 'application/vnd.ms-powerpoint.presentation.macroEnabled.12',
	'ppsx' => 'application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.presentationml.slideshow',
	'ppsm' => 'application/vnd.ms-powerpoint.slideshow.macroEnabled.12',
	'potx' => 'application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.presentationml.template',
	'potm' => 'application/vnd.ms-powerpoint.template.macroEnabled.12',
	'ppam' => 'application/vnd.ms-powerpoint.addin.macroEnabled.12',
	'sldx' => 'application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.presentationml.slide',
	'sldm' => 'application/vnd.ms-powerpoint.slide.macroEnabled.12',
	'onetoc|onetoc2|onetmp|onepkg' => 'application/onenote',
	// OpenOffice formats
	'odt' => 'application/vnd.oasis.opendocument.text',
	'odp' => 'application/vnd.oasis.opendocument.presentation',
	'ods' => 'application/vnd.oasis.opendocument.spreadsheet',
	'odg' => 'application/vnd.oasis.opendocument.graphics',
	'odc' => 'application/vnd.oasis.opendocument.chart',
	'odb' => 'application/vnd.oasis.opendocument.database',
	'odf' => 'application/vnd.oasis.opendocument.formula',
	// WordPerfect formats
	'wp|wpd' => 'application/wordperfect',
	) );
}

=> 的前面为格式,后面为格式描述,然后将下面的代码添加到主题的 functions.php 文件:

//在未开启多站点和非管理员运行该代码
if(!is_multisite() && !current_user_can('manage_options')){
	add_filter('upload_mimes', 'qux_custom_upload_mimes');
}

function qux_custom_upload_mimes ( $existing_mimes=array() ) {
	unset ($existing_mimes);
	if( current_user_can( 'publish_posts' ) && !current_user_can( 'publish_pages' ) ) { //允许作者(Author)上传的类型
		$existing_mimes['jpg|jpeg|gif|png']='image/image';
		$existing_mimes['zip']='application/zip';
		$existing_mimes['pdf']='application/pdf';
	}else{ //其他用户上传类型
		$existing_mimes['jpg|jpeg|gif|png']='image/image';
	}
	return $existing_mimes;
}

如果你还要允许上传其他格式,重复使用 $existing_mimes[‘格式’]=’描述’;  即可。

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